Common Cancer Haematological Cancer

Our Centre provides state-of-the-art services in haematology and haematological oncology. Our Haematopathology Laboratory has a wide range of diagnostic tests available which are essential for modern management of haematology patients. After making an accurate diagnosis, optimal treatments are given promptly to obtain the best clinical outcome possible.

Blood cancers are one of the top ten cancers in Hong Kong. Every year, over 1,000 new cases are diagnosed. They include leukaemia, lymphoma and myeloma.

Leukaemia is the malignancy of white cells. Its causes are largely unknown. It is occasionally related to previous chemotherapy or radiation exposure, and may be preceded by myelodysplastic syndrome or myeloproliferative disease.

Lymphoma is the cancer of lymphoid cells, and its causes remain unknown today. Some cases may be related to infections, chemicals, radiation or immunodeficiency.

Plasma Cell Myeloma
Lymphocytes may mature into plasma cells, which produce antibodies that fight infection. When transformed, it leads to malignancy of plasma cells, which is called plasma cell myeloma or plasmacytoma. While the causes remain unknown, the transformation may be preceded by a condition called “Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance (MGUS)”. A small percentage of the elderly population have MGUS.